A user-defined antenna (UAN) file contains antenna pattern information in text format that users can create and read for use in post-processing applications. The *.uan file format is unique to Remcom and ideal for sharing data across its suite of design and electromagnetic simulation products, including XFdtd®, Wireless Insite®, XGtd®, WaveFarer®.

UAN File Structure

Screenshot of parameters

Although the *.uan file supports multiple formats, XF writes the complex output in one format only. The *.uan file begins with text concerning parameters. The theta-phi coordinate system provides definitions relative to the x-, y-, and z-axes.

The format free text line is of no significance to the file's content, but explanations for the remaining lines are as follows:

Screenshot of data section.

The parameters portion is followed by a data section that provides angle-based pattern data of one row per angle.

The following six variables correspond to the six columns in the data portion of the *.uan file:

\begin{eqnarray} \theta\,\,\,\,\phi\,\,\,\,G_{\theta}(\theta,\phi)\,\,\,\,G_{\phi}(\theta,\phi)\,\,\,\,\angle{E_{\theta}(\theta,\phi)}\,\,\,\,\angle{E_{\phi}(\theta,\phi)} \end{eqnarray}

where $\theta$ is the theta observation angle in degrees, $\phi$ is the phi observation angle in degrees, $G_{\theta}(\theta,\phi)$ is the theta polarized gain in dB, $G_{\phi}(\theta,\phi)$ is the phi polarized gain in dB, $\angle{E_{\theta}(\theta,\phi)}$ is the theta polarized E-field phase in degrees, and $\angle{E_{\phi}(\theta,\phi)}$ is the phi polarized E-field phase in degrees.

Convert Gain to E-Field

E-field magnitude is not provided in a *.uan file, but it is determined by first converting gain in dB to linear units

\begin{equation} G_{linear}=10^\frac{G_{dB}}{10} \end{equation}

and then converting gain to E-field magnitude

\begin{equation} |E|=\sqrt{\frac{G_{linear}\eta_0 P_{in}}{2\pi}} \end{equation}

where $\eta_0$ is the impedance of free space and $P_{in}$ is the NetInputPower available in the parameters section of the *.uan file.